La condition militaire

Titre : La condition militaire
Auteur : Jean-Philippe Wirth
Éditeur : Dalloz
ISBN-13 : 9782247149247
Libération : 2014-10-15

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Si la condition militaire est une, elle connaît des déclinaisons multiples. Quelque 300 000 militaires servent au sein des trois armées, de la gendarmerie et de services communs, tous organismes dont les missions, les traditions et les cultures leur sont propres, compte tenu de la variété de leur histoire et du milieu physique et humain dans lequel ils exercent leurs activités opérationnelles. Ainsi les fonctions et les conditions d'emploi des militaires, hommes ou femmes, sont multiples: grenadier-voltigeur, sous-marinier, pilote, gendarme mobile, pompier, médecin, ingénieur, au quartier ou en camp d'entrainement, en métropole, outre-mer ou en opération extérieure... Tout en conservant une référence constante à ces principes fondateurs de la condition militaire, le présent ouvrage propose de « passer en revue » les éléments concrets essentiels qui la caractérisent, afin de permettre au lecteur d'en mieux cerner la consistance réelle.

Syria s Uprising and the Fracturing of the Levant

Titre : Syria s Uprising and the Fracturing of the Levant
Auteur : Emile Hokayem
Éditeur :
ISBN-13 : 0415717388
Libération : 2013

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As an upbeat and peaceful uprising quickly and brutally descended into a zero-sum civil war, Syria has crumbled from a regional player into an arena in which a multitude of local and foreign actors compete. The volatile regional fault lines that run through Syria have ruptured during this conflict, and the course of events in this fragile yet strategically significant country will profoundly shape the future of the Levant.

An Equitable Framework for Humanitarian Intervention

Titre : An Equitable Framework for Humanitarian Intervention
Auteur : Ciarán Burke
Éditeur : Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN-13 : 9781782251262
Libération : 2013-05-09

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This book aims to resolve the dilemma regarding whether armed intervention as a response to gross human rights violations is ever legally justified without Security Council authorisation. Thus far, international lawyers have been caught between giving a negative answer on the basis of the UN Charter's rules ('positivists'), and a 'turn to ethics', declaring intervention legitimate on moral grounds, while eschewing legal analysis ('moralists'). In this volume, a third solution is proposed. The idea is presented that many equitable principles may qualify as 'general principles of law recognised by civilised nations' - one of the three principal sources of international law (though a category that is often overlooked) - a conclusion based upon detailed research of both national legal systems and international law. These principles, having normative force in international law, are then used to craft an equitable framework for humanitarian intervention. It is argued that the dynamics of their operation allow them to interact with the Charter and customary law in order to fill gaps in the existing legal structure and soften the rigours of strict law in certain circumstances. It is posited that many of the moralists' arguments are justified, albeit based upon firm legal principles rather than ethical theory. The equitable framework proposed is designed to provide an answer to the question of how humanitarian intervention may be integrated into the legal realm. Certainly, this will not mean an end to controversies regarding concrete cases of humanitarian intervention. However, it will enable the framing of such controversies in legal terms, rather than as a choice between the law and morality. '...has potential to become one of the most important books in public international law of the decade, or in a generation'. Martin Scheinin, Professor of Public International Law, European University Institute, Florence

Wylde Wisdom

Titre : Wylde Wisdom
Auteur : Diana Melo Wylde
Éditeur : New Generation Publishing
ISBN-13 : 9780755250318
Libération : 2012-11-01

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This book is for anybody and everybody. With simple, and sometimes amusing, anecdotes it illustrates issues that affect us all, helping us to avoid their traps by knowing they are there. It is not a book that claims to change your life, but if you take it to heart, it will change the way you experience life.

A Companion to World War II

Titre : A Companion to World War II
Auteur : Thomas W. Zeiler
Éditeur : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-13 : 9781118325056
Libération : 2012-12-21

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A Companion to World War II brings together a series of fresh academic perspectives on World War II, exploring the many cultural, social, and political contexts of the war. Essay topics range from American anti-Semitism to the experiences of French-African soldiers, providing nearly 60 new contributions to the genre arranged across two comprehensive volumes. A collection of original historiographic essays that include cutting-edge research Analyzes the roles of neutral nations during the war Examines the war from the bottom up through the experiences of different social classes Covers the causes, key battles, and consequences of the war

War from the Ground Up

Titre : War from the Ground Up
Auteur : Emile Simpson
Éditeur : Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN-13 : 9780199327881
Libération : 2012-11-01

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Analyzes contemporary armed conflict from the point of view of a British infantry officer with experience on the battlefield; considers the concepts involved and the blurring of military and political activity that has challenged the distinction between war and peace.

The Insurgents

Titre : The Insurgents
Auteur : Fred Kaplan
Éditeur : Simon and Schuster
ISBN-13 : 9781451642667
Libération : 2013-01-02

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A finalist for the Pulitzer Prize The Insurgents is the inside story of the small group of soldier-scholars, led by General David Petraeus, who plotted to revolutionize one of the largest, oldest, and most hidebound institutions—the United States military. Their aim was to build a new Army that could fight the new kind of war in the post–Cold War age: not massive wars on vast battlefields, but “small wars” in cities and villages, against insurgents and terrorists. These would be wars not only of fighting but of “nation building,” often not of necessity but of choice. Based on secret documents, private emails, and interviews with more than one hundred key characters, including Petraeus, the tale unfolds against the backdrop of the wars against insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan. But the main insurgency is the one mounted at home by ambitious, self-consciously intellectual officers—Petraeus, John Nagl, H. R. McMaster, and others—many of them classmates or colleagues in West Point’s Social Science Department who rose through the ranks, seized with an idea of how to fight these wars better. Amid the crisis, they forged a community (some of them called it a cabal or mafia) and adapted their enemies’ techniques to overhaul the culture and institutions of their own Army. Fred Kaplan describes how these men and women maneuvered the idea through the bureaucracy and made it official policy. This is a story of power, politics, ideas, and personalities—and how they converged to reshape the twenty-first-century American military. But it is also a cautionary tale about how creative doctrine can harden into dogma, how smart strategists—today’s “best and brightest”—can win the battles at home but not the wars abroad. Petraeus and his fellow insurgents made the US military more adaptive to the conflicts of the modern era, but they also created the tools—and made it more tempting—for political leaders to wade into wars that they would be wise to avoid.

CSIS Commission on Smart Power

Titre : CSIS Commission on Smart Power
Auteur : Richard Lee Armitage
Éditeur : CSIS
ISBN-13 : 0892065109
Libération : 2007

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America's image and influence have declined precipitously around the world. To maintain a leading role in global affairs, the United States must move from eliciting fear and anger to inspiring optimism and hope. In 2006, CSIS launched a bipartisan Commission on Smart Power to develop a vision to guide America's global engagement. This report lays out the commission's findings and a discrete set of recommendations for how the next president of the United States, regardless of political party, can implement a smart power strategy.The United States must become a smarter power by once again investing in the global good—providing things people and governments in all quarters of the world want but cannot attain in the absence of American leadership. By complementing U.S. military and economic might with greater investments in soft power, America can build the framework it needs to tackle tough global challenges. Specifically, the United States should focus on five critical areas detailed in this report: alliances and institutions, global development, public diplomacy, economic integration, and technology and innovation.Implementing a smart power strategy will require a strategic reassessment of how the U.S. government is organized, coordinated, and budgeted. The next president should consider a number of creative solutions to maximize the administration's ability to organize for success, including the appointment of a “double-hatted” deputy to both the national security adviser and the director of the Office of Management and Budget who could carry out a smart power strategy.

Change We Can Believe In

Titre : Change We Can Believe In
Auteur :
Éditeur : Crown
ISBN-13 : 9780307460462
Libération : 2008-09-08

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At this defining moment in our history, Americans are hungry for change. After years of failed policies and failed politics from Washington, this is our chance to reclaim the American dream. Barack Obama has proven to be a new kind of leader–one who can bring people together, be honest about the challenges we face, and move this nation forward. Change We Can Believe In outlines his vision for America. In these pages you will find bold and specific ideas about how to fix our ailing economy and strengthen the middle class, make health care affordable for all, achieve energy independence, and keep America safe in a dangerous world. Change We Can Believe In asks you not just to believe in Barack Obama’s ability to bring change to Washington, it asks you to believe in yours.

Why Vietnam Matters

Titre : Why Vietnam Matters
Auteur : Rufus Phillips
Éditeur : Naval Inst Press
ISBN-13 : UOM:39015082688824
Libération : 2008

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Rufus Phillips gives an extraordinary inside history of the most critical years of American involvement in Vietnam. Describing what went right and then wrong, he argues that the U.S. missed an opportunity to help the South Vietnamese develop a political cause as compelling as that of the Communists by following a big war strategy based on World War II perceptions.