Les chamanes de la pr histoire
Partout dans le monde, à toutes les époques, les hommes ont cherché à entrer en contact avec les esprits par l'intermédiaire des chamanes et de leurs voyages pendant la transe. Il était donc légitime de chercher à discerner la part de ces pratiques dans l'art préhistorique des cavernes. Paru en 1996, le livre Les Chamanes de la préhistoire a fait date : sans constituer le chamanisme en explication unique, il avance des hypothèses et ouvre des pistes intéressantes. Accueilli avec passion en France et à l'étranger, il a aussi trouvé des détracteurs et fait naître des polémiques.
A Cosmos in Stone
Collected articles of the world's preeminent rock art researchers and cognitive archaeologists.
Introducing the Mythological Crescent
There is a broad cultural region with related traditions of mythical beliefs interconnected by long-term contacts during prehistoric times. This area - called here the "Mythological Crescent" - is a zone of cultural convergence that extends from the ancient Middle East via Anatolia to southeastern Europe, opening into the wide cultural landscape of Eurasia.The very old interconnections between Eurasia and Anatolia are explored in this study for the first time. In a comparative view, striking similarities can be reconstructed for the ancient belief systems and the imagery of both regions which suggest convergent cosmological conceptualizations of high age. The beliefs and ritual practices of the indigenous peoples of Eurasia are rooted in the shamanism of the oldest cultural layers of the Palaeolithic. Although socioeconomic development in Anatolia was markedly different from cultural evolution in Eurasia, the hunters and gatherers in Anatolia who adopted sedentary lifeways did not entirely lose their ancient beliefs during the transition to plant cultivation (in the eighth millennium BCE). Archaic beliefs and imagery fused with new practices and innovations during the development of agrarian societies. One diagnostic motif which was perpetuated from the Palaeolithic to the Neolithic and beyond is represented by the production of female figurines (statuettes). Their significance for communal life has been linked to spiritual concepts of the continuity of life, the vegetation cycle, and the protection of the natural habitat of all living things as recorded in myths and historical folk art of Uralic and other peoples. The bear plays a significant role as a mythical animal in the imagery of Eurasia whereas this motif was lost in Anatolia during the transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages.
Towards Religious Identity
STAR - Studies in Theology and Religion, 4 The spiritual dimension of existence has always been a part of people's lives. Religion serves this dimension, in which people are confronted with the question of what is holy and what is ultimately important. In Towards Religious Identity Tjeu van Knippenberg concentrates on spiritual guidance in the context of the Christian faith. A number of questions arise here. What is the spiritual? Can what we call spiritual, be compared with what has been said about it in the course of the centuries? Is there a relationship between personal experiences that go beyond direct experiences and what is taught in the Christian church about the spiritual? Can this be distinguished within the complex psychological processes that take place within a person? Just how personal and private is it? Where can it be found? What is its connection with the daily course of life? Is it of importance in one's own development and in the development of society? Where can one learn about it? How does one deal with it? Are there people equipped to guide others from this perspective? Towards Religious Identity offers a framework that can contribute to people's competence in discovering the meaning of the personal life story from a spiritual perspective. M.P.J. van Knippenberg is professor of pastoral theology at Tilburg University, The Netherlands From the Contents Part 1 Identification 1 Development and Characteristics 2 Ecclesiastical and Poimenic Position 3 Path of Life and Perspective Part 2 Progress and Content 4 Process and Guidance 5 Question as to Meaning and Christian Faith 6 Theology and Identity Part 3 In Practice 7 Guidance Model 8 Competence and Applications
This 2001 volume is an interdisciplinary text on hunter-gatherer populations world-wide.
New Perspectives on Prehistoric Art
Presents some current approaches to prehistoric art and offers new insights into the meanings and functions of the era's paintings and sculptures.
Where the Lightning Strikes
From the author of How the World Moves: A revelatory new look at the hallowed, diverse, and threatened landscapes of the American Indian For thousands of years , Native Americans have told stories about the powers of revered landscapes and sought spiritual direction at mysterious places in their homelands. In this important book, respected scholar and anthropologist Peter Nabokov writes of a wide range of sacred places in Native America. From the “high country” of California to Tennessee’s Tellico Valley, from the Black Hills of South Dakota to Rainbow Canyon in Arizona, each chapter delves into the relationship between Indian cultures and their environments and describes the myths and legends, practices, and rituals that sustained them. From the Trade Paperback edition.
The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion
A comprehensive overview, by period and region, of the archaeology of ritual and religion. The coverage is global, and extends from the earliest prehistory to modern times. Written by over sixty renowned specialists, the Handbook presents the very best in current scholarship, and will also stimulate further research.
Communicating with the Spirits
Focuses on the problem of communication with the other world: the phenomenon of spirit possession and its changing historical interpretations, the imaginary schemes elaborated for giving accounts of the journeys to the other world, for communicating with the dead, and finally the historical archetypes of this kind of religious manifestation-trance prophecy, divination, and shamanism. Recognized historians and ethnologists analyze the relationship, coexistence and conflicts of popular belief systems, Judeo-Christian mythology and demonology in medieval and modern Europe. The essays address links between rites and beliefs, folklore and literature; the legacy of various pre-Christian mythologies; the syncretic forms of ancient, medieval and modern belief- and rite-systems; "pure" examples from religious-ethnological research outside Europe to elucidate European problems.