This report looks at how social enterprises are likely to develop, taking stock of existing social enterprises and highlighting the more advanced experiments.
The Determinants of Economic Growth
What causes growth? Why have some countries grown much faster than others? Why do some countries not grow at all, or even experience negative (per capita) growth rates? What can governments do to raise the growth rates of their countries? These questions were discussed at a conference organized by the Netherlands Economic Institute (NEI) on behalf of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Determinants of Economic Growth contains the proceedings of the conference.
Regional Development and Conditions for Innovation in the Network Society
Regional Development and Conditions for Innovation in the Network Society looks at fundamental changes at the start of the new millennium, as innovation is gaining increasing importance for local economic prosperity and the emergence of learning societies. While much attention has been devoted to information and communication technologies, this analysis shows that innovation infrastructures should be understood as a broad framework for social and economic activities transcending any specific technology, even if revolutionary, and should be tied to attitudes and behaviors oriented towards the exploitation of change by adding value. This work builds on the idea of inclusive learning, which entails a process of shared prosperity across the globe following local-specific conditions, and argues that it is crucial to understand the features of knowledge-induced growth in rich countries, as well as the challenges and opportunities for late-industrialized and less developed countries. To achieve these objectives the relative importance of infrastructures and incentives is considered the increasingly important role of institutions towards the development of social capital is covered. Learning societies will increasingly rely on "distributed knowledge bases", as a systematically coherent set of knowledge, maintained across an economically and/or socially integrated set of agents and institutions.
Disaster Prevention Policies
This book addresses disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, focusing on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations The authors use their knowledge of the ever-evolving threats associated with disasters and their prevention to investigate this famous paradox and propose solutions that will help readers understand and reconsider its existence. The authors also discuss conditionings behind this paradox, helping readers understand the existing solutions, also suggesting how to reduce the limitations of DRR policies. Offers a fresh perspective on the assessments currently available on disaster and DRR policies Provides insight based on examples of DRR policies taken from Latin American, Asian, and European cases Focuses on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations
Multinational Enterprises and Innovation
The crucial actors of a global knowledge-based economy are multinational enterprises (MNEs). MNEs depend on the embeddedness in an institutional framework; their competitive advantage depends on the cross-border utilisation of regional and national capabilities. The innovativeness of a company is therefore based also on regional innovation systems. Multinational Enterprises and Innovation contributes to a better understanding of the interconnectedness between organisational and regional learning. On the basis of case studies in Germany and France, this volume investigates how MNEs cope with technical, economic and institutional uncertainties by drawing upon the complementary strengths of organisational and regional networks in national and European contexts. The book links two theoretical debates which are currently still largely disconnected -- the debate on learning processes in MNEs and the debate on the regional bases of innovativeness and competitiveness -- answering the question of how the internationalisation of R&D is reconciled with regional competences.
This title explores the issue of innovation engineering, a feature that is essential to the continuation of growth and development in the commercial world. Discussion is divided into three parts: Part I covers the historical basis of innovation, noting that diversity rests upon a duality between concepts in theory and applications put into practice, as well as discussing how innovation has resulted from the interaction of numerous factors, be they societal, human, managerial, organization or technological. Part II focuses on practical applications – the technologies, tools and methods employed in putting theoretical innovation into practice – while Part III looks at what factors underpin success, discussing the social and psychological aspects involved in successful innovation engineering. Consideration is also given to recent developments and systems which will assist in ensuring the continuation of this process in the future.
Russia and Europe in a Changing International Environment
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John Maynard Keynes and the Economy of Trust
Why does trust collapse in times of crisis? And when, instead, does it become a driver of growth, generating value? Through a sociological interpretation of the thought of John Maynard Keynes, Padua introduces the innovative concepts of Economy of Trust and Nominal Economy within the context of the 2008 financial crisis.
Eglise Catholique Et Transactions Politiques
The thesis examines the Catholic social teaching, as it is expressed in papal encyclicals, in wide context of contemporary political doctrines and major events of 20th century. The author proposes a method of following political messages of the Catholic Church during the last century. He challenges a standard Church's claim of immutability of its teaching. He shows, on the contrary, firm contextualisation both of Church's action and of its official message. From classical confrontational strategy face to modernity, through the attitude of "dialogue" during the Second Vatican Council, the Church insists on remaining a recognized participant of significant contemporary debates even in conditions of postmodernity.
La Soci t de confiance
Qu'est-ce que le développement ? Qu'est-ce qui permet la modernité, le progrès, la croissance ? Depuis Adam Smith et Karl Marx jusqu'à Max Weber et Fernand Braudel, on n'a cessé de s'interroger sur les causes de la « richesse des nations » ou de leur pauvreté. La plupart des penseurs ont privilégié les explications matérielles : capital, travail, ressources naturelles, climat. Et si les mentalités et les comportements constituaient le principal facteur du développement - ou du sous-développement ?Pour évaluer la fécondité de cette hypothèse, Alain Peyrefitte propose de revisiter l'histoire de la chrétienté occidentale, du XVe au XVIIIe siècle. Il montre en particulier que le développement en Europe trouve sa source dans ce qu'il appelle un « éthos de confiance » - disposition d'esprit qui a bousculé des tabous traditionnels et favorisé l'innovation, la mobilité, la compétition, l'initiative rationnelle et responsable.