Investigation de sc ne de crime
La scène de crime comprend tout lieu sur lequel une infraction a été commise et dont l'examen nécessite l'intervention d'un service de police technique et scientifique ou celle d'un expert en criminalistique. Cet ouvrage propose, dans une première partie traitant de la fixation de l'état des lieux, d'aborder cette scène du crime de manière générale ainsi que les buts de l'investigation. Les méthodes de recherche, de révélation, de prélèvement et de transfert des traces sont détaillées. La deuxième partie examine le traitement des traces d'objets qui constitue la partie pratique de l'investigation de la scène de crime. Tout en étant une source de référence pour l'enseignement, cet ouvrage vise aussi un plus Large public désireux d'être initié aux principes généraux qui doivent guider l'approche d'une scène de crime et L'exploitation des traces physiques qu'elle recèle. Cette troisième édition, revue et augmentée, est enrichie de nouvelles perspectives originales et actuelles de la pratique de l'investigation de scène de crime: l'emploi de techniques numériques d'enregistrement des lieux et des traces, la révélation et le renforcement des traces sanglantes ou la gestion de la continuité des moyens de preuve.
The Science of Crime Scenes
The Science of Crime Scenes covers the philosophy of crime scenes as historical events, the personnel involved at a scene (including the media), the detection of criminal traces and their reconstruction, and special crime scenes, such as mass disasters and terroristic events.
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Das Schweizer Buch
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Decision Making in Policing
"Decision making in the police environment must take advantage of the latest advances in business and military management, but at the same time remain aware of the challenges associated with maintaining and restoring order on a day-to-day basis. The framework proposed in this book has been elaborated form the diverse experiences of the authors as managers, police officers and crime analysts; and shows how to effectively use intelligence for making decisions, which rules to respect when deploying resources and how to assess and monitor the impact of measures taken."--Publisher.
Revue internationale de criminologie et de police technique
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Advanced Crime Scene Photography Second Edition
The ability to thoroughly and properly document a crime scene through photography is a must for crime scene investigators. Regardless of the time of day, weather conditions, or confines in which a piece of evidence is concealed, photographs must be true and accurate. Capturing all the pertinent information and evidence for use during an investigation and testimony is critically important. Evidence is commonly found in less-than-photographically-friendly environments. Possessing the knowledge and skills necessary to properly photograph those difficult-to-image subjects is vitally important. Advanced Crime Scene Photography explains how to identify crime scene challenges, design plans to capture images correctly, and execute those plans successfully. Seamlessly integrating photography principles with corresponding applications in crime scene photography—moving progressively from basic to more advanced concepts—this book demonstrates how to record photographs in low-light conditions, including the use of flash and painting with light techniques. The book also addresses a variety of topics including impression evidence, fire scenes, laser trajectories, macro-photography, and ultraviolet and infrared photography. Offering tips on everything from creating compelling photos on a limited budget to the photography of Luminol reactions, this Second Edition: Features a new chapter on photographing fire scenes, presenting solutions to problems commonly faced by fire investigators Includes the addition of review questions and photography assignments at the end of each chapter Contains more than 250 full-color images and photographs Anyone can take a photograph in perfect lighting, with the subject sitting out in the open and already positioned for the best composition. Advanced Crime Scene Photography, Second Edition provides crime scene investigators with a comprehensive, step-by-step resource on crime scene photography under the most difficult and adverse conditions.
Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions
The field of fingerprinting for personal identification and criminal investigation is progressing at a rapid rate. Numerous research projects are devoted to fingerprint detection techniques and identification issues, and recent debate focuses on the admissibility of fingerprint evidence in US courts. In light of these events, as well as the previous lack of one volume that brings together the scientific and legal aspects of this discipline, the time is ideal for an easily accessible resource that gathers together and analyzes the latest findings and techniques related to fingerprint science. Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions features the insight of a recognized team of authorities, including contributors from a key institution for forensic research. Chapters cover all aspects of the subject including the formation of friction ridges on the skin, the deposition of latent prints, the detection and enhancement of such marks, recording of fingerprint evidence, and fingerprint identification itself. Recent advances in statistical interpretation, fingerprint detection techniques, and computer technology are also discussed in detail. This practical techniques manual is an ideal text for practitioners working in the field of fingerprint detection and identification, as well as anyone studying forensic science at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. There is also sufficient background material for legal professionals and police in need of an introduction to the critical subject of fingerprinting.
Crime Scene Management
Second edition of an established text on common procedures for the identification and processing of evidence at scenes of crime Includes chapters on quality assurance and credibility of practices and processes issues surrounding major and complex crime Forensic handling of mass fatalities Crime scene reconstruction and impact on evidence recovery processes
Punishment and Social Structure
Why are certain methods of punishment adopted or rejected in a given social situation? To what extent is the development of penal methods determined by basic social relations? The answers to these questions are complex, and go well beyond the thesis that institutionalized punishment is simply for the protection of society. While today's punishment of offenders often incorporates aspects of psychology, psychiatry, and sociology, at one time there was a more pronounced difference in criminal punishment based on class and economics. Punishment and Social Structure originated from an article written by Georg Rusche in 1933 entitled "Labor Market and Penal Sanction: Thoughts on the Sociology of Criminal Justice." Originally published in Germany by the Frankfurt Institute of Social Research, this article became the germ of a theory of criminology that laid the groundwork for all subsequent research in this area. Rusche and Kirchheimer look at crime from an historical perspective, and correlate methods of punishment with both temporal cultural values and economic conditions. The authors classify the history of crime into three primary eras: the early Middle Ages, in which penance and fines were the predominant modes of punishment; the later Middle Ages, in which harsh corporal punishment and capital punishment moved to the forefront; and the seventeenth century, in which the prison system was more fully developed. They also discuss more recent forms of penal practice, most notably under the constraints of a fascist state. The majority of the book was translated from German into English, and then reshaped by Rusche's co-author, Otto Kirchheimer, with whom Rusche actually had little discussion. While the main body of Punishment and Social Structure are Rusche's ideas, Kirchheimer was responsible for bringing the book more up-to-date to include the Nazi and fascist era. Punishment and Social Structure is a pioneering work that sets a paradigm for the study of crime and punishment.