Aux origines de la corruption
La politique est en crise, la cité est divisée. On peut regretter un âge d'or de l'engagement des citoyens, de la participation aux affaires publiques, du débat constructif permettant à tout un chacun de prendre la parole, comme on l'imagine dans la cité d'Athènes à l'époque classique. Cette référence, familière aux politologues, aux philosophes, aux historiens ou aux juristes, n'a été traitée jusqu'à présent que sous un angle positif, dans une tradition soucieuse d'établir la filiation de la République. Pourtant, la démocratie antique, généreusement idéalisée, peut également servir de modèle par ses dérives, ses défaillances et ses crises pour mieux comprendre le politique aujourd'hui. Inhérente à la démocratie grecque, la pratique abusive de l'accusation publique volontaire - la sycophantie - a largement participé à la corruption du système. C'est l'indicateur d'analyse qui a été retenu dans ce livre, dont l'ambition est de montrer que les dysfonctionnements du modèle athénien ne sont pas moins instructifs que ses réussites. Selon la manière dont les citoyens s'approprient le recours à l'accusation publique volontaire, l'institution peut fonctionner comme un ministère public " citoyen " ou, au contraire, donner prise à la délation. Parce qu'elle est à la fois le résultat de l'appropriation par les citoyens d'une institution conçue à l'origine comme éminemment démocratique et le symptôme de la corruption de cette institution, la sycophantie pose la question de la confiance institutionnelle. La délation met en évidence la corruption de l'idéal d'une société de confiance, qui est celle de la cité d'Athènes à l'époque classique, que l'on pourrait bien retrouver dans l'idéal de transparence qui caractérise les démocraties contemporaines.
Livres de France
Includes, 1982-1995: Les Livres du mois, also published separately.
Democracy in Europe
This history traces the development of democracy in Europe from its origins in ancient Greece up to the present day. Considers all the major watersheds in the development of democracy in modern Europe. Describes the rediscovery of Ancient Greek political ideals by intellectuals at the end of the eighteenth century. Examines the twenty-year crisis from 1789 to 1815, when the repercussions of revolution in France were felt across the European continent. Explains how events in France led to the explosion of democratic movements between 1830 and 1848. Compares the different manifestations of democracy within Eastern and Western Europe during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Considers fascism and its consequences for democracy in Europe during the twentieth century. Demonstrates how in the recent past democracy itself has become the object of ideological battles.
The Threshold of Democracy
Part of the Reacting to the Past series, The Threshold of Democracy re-creates the intellectual dynamics of one of the most formative periods in the human experience.
The Greek Polis and the Invention of Democracy
The Greek Polis and the Invention of Democracy presents a series of essays that trace the Greeks’ path to democracy and examine the connection between the Greek polis as a citizen state and democracy as well as the interaction between democracy and various forms of cultural expression from a comparative historical perspective and with special attention to the place of Greek democracy in political thought and debates about democracy throughout the centuries. Presents an original combination of a close synchronic and long diachronic examination of the Greek polis - city-states that gave rise to the first democratic system of government Offers a detailed study of the close interactionbetween democracy, society, and the arts in ancient Greece Places the invention of democracy in fifth-century bce Athens both in its broad social and cultural context and in the context of the re-emergence of democracy in the modern world Reveals the role Greek democracy played in the political and intellectual traditions that shaped modern democracy, and in the debates about democracy in modern social, political, and philosophical thought Written collaboratively by an international team of leading scholars in classics, ancient history, sociology, and political science
SYCOPHANCY IN ATHENS
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The Illusion of Free Markets
Harcourt argues that the way we think about markets has distorted the way we think about criminal justice, to the detriment of both spheres. He calls to task the conceptualization of market exchange as “free” and “natural,” an idea he traces back to the 18th-century French Physiocrats, and finds reinforced in modern neoliberal theory. This “illusion” continues to contribute to the expansion of American penality, as those who bypass the natural order of the market system are subject to policing and punishment by a government whose primary purpose is to protect the unfettered operation of capitalism.
'Public Corruption' is a stimulating and entertaining book about a daunting problem: the influence on public corruption of the changing nature of warfare. It will be of as much interest to the general reader and those around the seats of power as it is to historians and social scientists. The quality of the writing alone makes it a delight to read.
The Institutional Economics of Corruption and Reform
Corruption has been a feature of public institutions for centuries yet only relatively recently has it been made the subject of sustained scientific analysis. Lambsdorff shows how insights from institutional economics can be used to develop a better understanding of why corruption occurs and the best policies to combat it. He argues that rather than being deterred by penalties, corrupt actors are more influenced by other factors such as the opportunism of their criminal counterparts and the danger of acquiring an unreliable reputation. This suggests a novel strategy for fighting corruption similar to the invisible hand that governs competitive markets. This strategy - the 'invisible foot' - shows that the unreliability of corrupt counterparts induces honesty and good governance even in the absence of good intentions. Combining theoretical research with state-of-the-art empirical investigations, this book will be an invaluable resource for researchers and policy-makers concerned with anti-corruption reform.
Reciprocity in Ancient Greece
In this collection of new essays, an international group of experts explores the significance of reciprocity (the principle and practice of voluntary requital, of benefit for benefit or harm for harm) in ancient Greek culture. Reciprocity has been seen as an important notion for anthropologists studying economic and social relations. A key question has been whether reciprocity constitutes an alternative pattern to the commercial, political, and ethical relationships characteristic of modern Western society. This volume takes the question forward in connection with Greek culture from Homer to the Hellenistic period. Building on previous research on this topic (especially on Homeric society), it provides a wide-ranging examination of reciprocity inGreek epic and drama, historiography, oratory, religion, and ethical philosophy. It asks fundamental questions about the importance of reciprocity in different phases of Greek history, the interplay between reciprocity and the ideology of Athenian democracy, and between reciprocity and altruism in ethical thought. Clear and non-technical, with all Greek translated, this volume will make debate on this important subject available to a wide circle of readers in classical, literary, anthropological, and historical studies.